ICO – Initial Coin Offering – the initial placement of Coins or Tokens among investors.
In simple terms, ICO is the issue of a certain amount of coins or tokens and an attempt to persuade future investors to exchange them for more liquid coins, for example Bitcoin or Ethereum at some rate. As a rule, for these purposes Tokens based on Ethereum are used, because for this it is enough just to issue a smart contract.
In the world of crypto-currency, you can often hear the words of Coin and Token, and it may seem that they are different names of the same, but this is not entirely true.
A crypto-currency with its own blockchain, which was created from scratch, or developed based on the fork of an already existing crypto currency, is called Coin, for example Bitcoin or Ethereum. This implies having your own nodes to maintain your own protocol, user community and technical team. Also you can find the term Altcoin (alternative coin), so is called any coin except Bitcoin, which until some time was the only crypto currency that uses blockchain technology.
Currently, Polygant is developing several coins of varying complexity.
To develop a coin, we take the actual source code, make the necessary changes to it and compile. Usually, the development consists of the following stages:
If you do not need significant changes in the core, the coin creation takes approximately one month and costs from $25,000. Separately, integration with web services and a web wallet can be worked out.
The main difference of the Tokens is that they do not have their own blockchain and supporting nodes, but use a blockchain of existing coins. Most often for this, the Ethereum blockchain is used, although such functionality is also provided in some other coins, for example, Omni. Despite this, Tokens can also be listed on the exchange, they can be used inside projects as an internal currency or a certifier. In order to release your token, it is necessary to form a Smart contract and “cement” it in the blockchain.
You should, however, bear in mind the important feature of tokens on Ethereum. The fact is that for any transactions, including the transfer of tokens between wallets, the GAS is spent – the network commission, which costs a certain amount of ETH. Thus, to carry out the transfer from the sender there must be not only Tokens in the wallet, but also some amount of Ether, and this is not always convenient.
The development of a smart contract takes from 1 week and costs from $3,500. Separately, integration with web services and a web wallet can be worked out.
Top 10 tokens by capitalization as of December 2017
|Ethereum||$987 543 061||$1.98|
|2||OmiseGO||Ethereum||$890 039 627||$8.72|
|Omni||$677 734 194||$1.00|
|Ethereum||$511 511 350||$12.40|
|Ethereum||$311 257 100||$28.30|
|Ethereum||$279 996 629||$0.799180|
|7||Ardor||Nxt||$278 876 703||$0.279156|
Raiden Network Token
|Ethereum||$220 410 500||$4.41|
|Omni||$213 565 819||$0.471914|
|Ethereum||$210 675 891||$2.01|
As you can see, the capitalization of some tokens is not inferior to coins.
After the release of the token or coin, a reasonable question arises – how to provide an opportunity to trade – buy, sell, change? To be able to perform operations it is necessary to add the issued coin to the listing on the exchange. Usually this requires three things:
Our developers have significant experience in developing both smart contracts for token issue, and in creating coins with own blockchain. Will help you with pleasure!
The cost of an ICO is usually $ 100,000 – $ 500,000 and very much depends on factors such as:
Nevertheless, we can distinguish some works:
As a rule, preparations for the ICO take 3-6 months, many people from lawyers and advisers to programmers and designers take part in this process. The fundraising itself is usually divided into stages and is held for 2 months.
Still have questions? Contact us, we’ll tell you in detail and together we will work out a strategy for entering the ICO!