Crypto Wallet Development

Cryptocurrency wallet development

Reliable storage of cryptocurrencies is a concern for everyone dealing with them. This is why users choose cryptocurrency wallets responsibly.

Businesses should also be aware of the types of cryptocurrency wallets and their differences. And if a company is going to offer its clients a proprietary wallet, we will tell why it is better to develop a custom wallet while there are plenty of ready-to-use solutions in the market.

What a crypto wallet is and how it works

Users often think that they store cryptocurrency right in their wallet. But in fact, coins stay on the blockchain forever after they are mined or issued. And a crypto wallet is just a tool that helps manage addresses on the blockchain network and stores private keys to them.

A crypto wallet is a program or application that allows you to interact with the blockchain: check balances, view transaction history, send and receive payments. In this context, sending and receiving payments means transferring rights to the cryptocurrency from one user to another. That is, the cryptocurrency isn’t actually transferred because it is just assigned to a certain address on the blockchain.

Basically, a crypto wallet is something like a bank account for transactions with cryptocurrencies. It shows a user how many coins they have on the balance, where they received them from, and where they sent them to. If the wallet supports various currencies, it displays exchange rates and allows users to swap coins.

Types of crypto wallets

Types of crypto wallets

Crypto wallets that are programs, applications, online services, and browser extensions are called hot wallets because they have to be always connected to the internet. They can be:

  • Custodial or non-custodial, depending on who holds a private key and controls a cryptocurrency.
  • Web-based, mobile, or desktop, depending on the platform.

Crypto wallets that don’t need internet connection are called cold wallets and have a physical form. They can be hardware or paper.

We at Polygant specialise in developing crypto wallets in the form of web and mobile apps, both custodial and non-custodial. Contact us on Telegram to discuss which type works better for you.

Custodial and non-custodial crypto wallets

This is the most important difference everyone dealing with cryptocurrencies should be aware of.

As we know, all transactions on blockchain networks go between addresses that look like bizarre combinations of letters and numbers. For example, an address on the Ethereum network may look like this: 0x763a8268712D3E015919d0097F93601B0fd4F102.

Since information about all transactions is stored on the blockchain, everyone can easily view transaction history or the balance of any address. Special services called blockchain explorers are used for that.

To send coins to someone from their address, a user needs to sign a transaction using a private key, otherwise the network will reject it. Here’s the private key to the address we mentioned above: 0x34229daaf8fdb3e9d3861f1af065e8a8fa7887d76e33af19e18de8e6c33cd13f.

Only someone who knows the private key can send coins from the address. And if two or more people know the key, it will be impossible to determine who performed the transaction. This is why it is critical that the private key is stored safely.

Custodial crypto wallet

A custodial crypto wallet is a wallet managed by a third party, which also stores users’ private keys on its side. Many consider this wallet type insecure due to high vulnerability. But the third party can help recover access to cryptocurrencies if the user lost their password or seed phrase.

Depending on the party owning a wallet, there are two types of custodial crypto wallets:

  1. Exchange-based. These wallets are provided by crypto exchanges that store private keys of their users.
  2. Proprietary. Such wallets are created by independent developers that store users’ keys and all the data on their own servers.

Non-custodial crypto wallets

This is a wallet that allows a user to store private keys on their device without disclosing them to any third party. This wallet type is way more reliable and secure. But in this case, the user is personally responsible for storing their keys and seed phrases. If they lose them, their cryptocurrency will be gone for good.

Crypto wallets for different platforms

Now let’s look at three types of crypto wallets that have more obvious differences. There are three major types of wallets: web-based, mobile, and desktop, each with its strengths, weaknesses, and risks. In the finance technology world, the more secure the solution, the more complex and restricted it is. You might want to choose one that offsets these factors and corresponds to your goals.

Web wallets

Crypto desktop wallets

They are popular for the same reason as any web application or SaaS solution. Here are the advantages of web-based wallets:

  • Easy to use
  • Accessible on any device
  • Device specs don’t matter

Downsides: They may have limited functionality or be less reliable than other types.

If you are going to develop a web crypto wallet, don’t forget to enrich it with handy features and enhance security. Otherwise the users will leave you for other crypto wallets, no matter how hard you try to retain them.

Mobile crypto wallets

Crypto mobile wallets

These have become the most popular amongst cryptocurrency users. And they offer the following advantages:

  • Easy to use
  • Agile
  • Compatible with smartphone hardware (camera, Bluetooth, NFC)

Downsides: May be laggy on older smartphones. Malware may be distributed under the guise of a popular wallet.

If you are going to develop a mobile crypto wallet, don’t forget to optimize it and add it to all app stores from your official account. Also mention on your website, forum threads, and social media, where people can download your wallet. This way you will prevent them from getting to fraudulent websites with malicious clones of your app.

Desktop wallets

Crypto web wallets

These are most versatile wallets. Just like mobile wallets, these applications store private keys on the user’s device (on a PC in this case). They don’t need a constant internet connection, and this is what makes them better than web wallets. Here are the advantages of desktop wallets:

  • Broad functionality
  • High security
  • Better reliability compared to other wallet types
  • Focus on tech-savvy users

Some may find the last point disadvantageous. While cryptocurrencies have already emerged from a narrow circle of enthusiasts and have reached the general public, an application designed for experienced users may frighten newcomers away.

So if you are going to develop a desktop crypto wallet, try to make its interface friendlier. And don’t forget to compose a helpful manual.

Hardware and paper wallets

Crypto hardware wallets

Hardware wallets are physical media that store addresses and private keys in an encrypted form. Looking like USB flash drives or MP3 players, they can be connected to a PC. Most have a small display that shows the current balance, address, and private key. These are all functions hardware wallets have, just because they aren’t connected to the internet. Combined with encryption, this feature makes them very secure.

Paper wallets are sheets of paper with the printed address and private key that are often duplicated in the form of QR codes. They were initially created on generator websites, and then this function appeared in desktop applications that also generate addresses with keys and allow printing them with QR codes.

Hardware and paper wallets work better for those holding larger amounts of cryptocurrencies but rarely using them. Amongst them are long-term investors, large-scale miners, and crypto enterprises storing their or users’ reserves in cold wallets.

Important functions of crypto wallets

Both web-based and mobile wallets, as well as custodial and non-custodial ones, offer the following functions:

  • Showing current balance and transaction history
  • Sending cryptocurrency from one address to another

On top of that, there are three helpful functions that your crypto wallet should have.

User authentication

Most countries have recognized cryptocurrency as a digital asset. This is why both a cryptocurrency and related personal data should be protected and stored in a safe place. Your crypto company must ensure high security both for the cryptocurrencies and data of users.

To prevent fraudsters from getting access to your users’ accounts, keep all user data encrypted. Also provide an option to enable 2FA and make the access recovery process as complicated as possible.

Scanning a QR code

QR codes offer a range of advantages and growth potential. They help a user send cryptocurrency in a contactless way, thereby surpassing the capabilities of plastic bank cards. QR codes may also come in handy for crypto payments and P2P transactions.

Transaction notifications

Any finance application can send transaction notifications. Make sure your crypto wallet can do this as well. Notifications are a means of validation and security. Trading platforms use them to notify users of withdrawal requests.

Which crypto wallet to create

There’s one rule in the crypto industry: everyone is personally responsible for their coins. This is what differs cryptocurrency from fiat money that you can deposit to a bank account and rest assured it won’t go anywhere.

Purchasing a ready-to-use solution (e.g. a white label wallet), you will have to juggle security and user-friendliness. The better the one parameter, the worse the other, and vice versa. If you aren’t going to store large amounts, consider ordering a crypto wallet that will match your goals and needs.

Your proprietary crypto application will offer users unlimited opportunities. You can add both the primary functions and some advanced ones, namely:

  • Multicurrency support
  • Buying and selling cryptocurrency using fiat money
  • Connecting a merchant to accept payments

How much it costs to develop a crypto wallet

The cost of development depends on the wallet type (custodial or non-custodial), target platform, and expected range of functions.

Custodial wallet development
Web appStarts at 20,000 USDT
Mobile appStarts at 30,000 USDT
Non-custodial wallet development
Web appStarts at 25,000 USDT
Mobile appStarts at 35,000 USDT

Polygant is ready to develop a crypto wallet offering any functions that you and your future users may need. Send us a request to find out how much the development will cost in your case.

05 February 2020

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